Every commercial or residential building with a basement that is frequently flooded should have a sump pump. Sump pumps are electric pumps that are placed in the basement to pump water into the drainage system or outside. There are so many things to worry about when the basement is flooded including the health problems, property damage, and the likelihood of losing valuable tenants.
The three major causes of basement flooding are:
- Surface runoff.
- Ground water seepage via the basement wall or floor.
- Sanitary sewer backup.
How Sump Pumps Work
Most buildings have a sump pit in the basement. Water from the foundation drainage, sanitary sewer, or any water that comes from the basement is collected into the pit. To prevent a sump pit from overflowing, it should be emptied frequently. Sump pumps are programmed to automatically pump water out of the pit at a certain level. Some buildings have a sump pump that drains into a sewer.
The pump has drainage pipes that convey water to the municipal drain. The pipes have check a valve that prevents water from running back to the basement.
Undoubtedly, the sump pump can lower the potential damage to the foundation when ground water gets into the basement. The water is timely pumped out of the building without damaging the foundation.
Types of Sump Pump
Although sump pumps are electrically powered, it is very important to have a power backup system in case the electricity goes out. Some sump pumps still don’t use electric or battery power; instead they use a pressurized water supply. Fortunately enough, most sump pumps come with a built-in battery backup.
There are two major types of sump pumps:
- The pedestal (upright style sump pump)
- The submersible pump.
The pedestal sump pump is located above the sump pit. Many professionals recommend this type because it is easier to install and also perform maintenance. They are effective depending on the level and frequency of basement flooding. However, it is very important to hire a professional service provider to advise on the best pedestal pump and also do installation.
The submersible sump pumps are contained in a special house casing. They are also effective when properly installed, but expensive when compared to its counterpart.
Whichever the type of sump pump you choose, it is very important to ensure that the pump is working always.
Sump pumps can offer a lifetime solution to basement flooding. Electrical sump pumps can automatically detect the critical level at which the water should be pumped out of the sump pit. To ensure you get the best out of the sump pump, you should hire experienced service providers who will advise on the best type of pump and also install it.